Breaking in and maintaining your moped

Why should I break in my moped (cylinder) safely?

When your moped was new, the factory instructions were to not exceed 15mph for the first 300 miles.   A two stroke motor receives all of its lubrication from the oil and gas mixture.  Until the oil and gas mixture has run through your motor for a while, the motor is insufficiently lubricated for wailing on.  Although your moped is not new, the original components likely have not been lubricated through operation in years and will likely need a secondary break in for this to occur.  If you have a freshly built motor and/or new components, for break in purposes, you pretty much have a factory fresh motor.   It is important to run through 3-4 tanks of good gas / oil at low / variable speeds to get everything sufficiently lubricated / seasoned.   This is extra important if your moped has been modified to exceed the factory speeds.  

A secondary and maybe more important aspect of a proper break in is proper ring seating.  Breaking in an engine helps seal the pistons rings into the cylinder surface. Without a proper seal you end up with engine issues, sometimes sooner rather than later, but almost always inevitably later.  Your two stroke motor is an engine with lots of tiny parts moving at high rates of speed & you want it to last a long time, so break it in right!  

How do I break in and operate my new moped (cylinder) safely?

  • For the first 300 miles (3-5 gallons), run premium unleaded gas mixed with SABER® Professional Synthetic 2-Stroke Oil at a ratio of 80:1 (1.6 oz of oil per gal of gas).
  • After the first 300 miles, run premium unleaded gas mixed with SABER® Professional Synthetic 2-Stroke Oil at a ratio of 100:1 (1.3 oz of oil per gal of gas).
    • If you are in a pinch and must buy cheaper oil; run it at 2.6 oz per gallon
  • For your first tank of gas, you will be running heat cycles; do not run your moped for more than 15-20 minutes consecutively before letting it cool down for 20-30 min (or more)
  • For the remainder of the first 300 miles, you can/should take as long of rides as you want, but be sure to run a variety of speeds.   For example two miles at 25 mph; a half mile wide open;  a mile at 15 mph; etc.  The variable heat cycle will be best for breaking in your moped with today’s oil and gas; and it will be a lot more fun than 15 mph the whole time.   
  • If you have a performance modified moped, you may want to consider purchasing a Trail Tech digital 30-500°F temperature gauge ($40).  Monitoring your temperatures to ensure you do not exceed 400°F should keep your motor performing optimally and sudden spikes in temperature can help to identify problems such as air leaks, fuel flow issues, etc before severe damage occurs.   
  • After the first 300 mile break in period it is recommended to give the bike a once over and complete final adjustments.  This service is complementary on any bike purchased from Detroit Moped Works.
  • If anything sounds crazy, bring your moped in.  Catching issues early will drastically reduce major issues and down time during the riding season.    

What are some good moped maintenance procedures?

  • Follow the moped break in guide above (run good gas and oil!)
  • Store it out of the rain
  • During the winter, store it with the gas tank full to the top with mixed gas to avoid rust
  • Bring it in to DMW every spring for a tune up!  
  • In the hottest months, the air holds less oxygen and you may run a bit “rich” and “foul” a spark plug.  Keep a spare NGK spark plug on hand in case of emergency
  • Have fun!